Martial arts are traditions of combat techniques practised for a variety of reasons, such as self-defence, competition, physical health and fitness, entertainment, as well as mental, physical and spiritual development. Martial arts include the activities aikido, judo, karate, kendo, ju-jitsu, kung fu and taekwondo. The activity known as ‘mixed martial arts’ (MMA) takes place within a caged arena for safety. This is currently not an activity that afPE condones in schools.